Environmentally Sustainable Transport: Implementation and Impacts for the Netherlands for 2030
This report describes the Dutch transport scenarios for the OECD project on Environmental Sustainable Transport (EST).
The EST project contains a business-as-usual scenario (BAU) and three EST scenarios which attain the EST criteria (i.e. a reduction of CO2 by 80%, NOx by 90%, VOC by 90%, PM10 by 90%):
- a "high-technology" scenario containing only technological changes
- a "mobility-management" scenario containing only mobility changes
- a combination scenario containing a combination of technological and mobility changes.
Furthermore, the report describes possible instrument packages for the implementation of EST and the social and economic impacts of EST.
|Author(s)||Geurs KT ; Wee GP van|